Retirement ages – UK vs. rest of world

Retirement ages across the world are increasing, as general life expectancy rises. But how do state pension ages stack up across the world, when compared to the UK?


The state pension age in the UK is currently 66 years old for both men and women but it will gradually increase.

Britons can expect a rise to 67 for those born on or after April 1960.

Further rises to 68 will also occur, the Government has confirmed, with the state pension age being kept under review.

The state pension age increases will not currently be accelerated as first feared.


The French pension age has gained much attention recently, as citizens protest an increase from 62 to 64.

President Macron has recently signed the pension age rise into law, an unpopular move which has led to widespread protests.

Mr Macron has argued pension age reforms are essential to stop the system from collapsing.


As of 2021, the retirement age in Germany was recorded at 65 years and 10 months.

The retirement age here will gradually increase under plans to make it 67 by 2031.

According to Welcome Centre Germany, German citizens can apply for an early pension from the age of 63, but only if they can prove 45 years of qualifying pension contributions.

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For the statutory old age pension, in addition to at least 20 years of contributions, Italian must have reached 67 years of age.

To claim a state pension, most workers are required to adhere to retirement ages and contribution rules.

Those ineligible for a full pension might be able to claim an old-age social assistance benefit.

This is available to those 67 years old and over who have lived in Italy for a minimum of 10 years, according to Expatica.


Greece has one of the higher state pension ages alongside Italy, with a general age limit of 67 years old.

In Greece, the “minimum insurance period” is 15 years, or 4,500 days of employment.

The general requirement for a full state pension is 40 insurance years, or 12,000 days of employment at a minimum of 62 years of age, the European Commission stated.


For those born from 1943 to 1954, the full retirement age is set at 66, according to Social Security Administration.

The full retirement age increases gradually for those born from 1955 to 1960, until it reaches 67.

Anyone born in 1960 or later can expect to receive full retirement benefits at the age of 67.

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The current state pension age in Spain is cited at 65 years and 10 months.

However, it may still be possible to retire at 65 if a person has paid 37 years of social security contributions.

By 2027, this is expected to rise to a minimum requirement of 38 and a half years.


The retirement age in Turkey is relatively low, at age 60 for men and 58 years old for women.

However, in January 2023, President Erdogan announced the minimum age requirement for retirement would be eliminated.

The change allows an estimated two million workers to be able to retire immediately.

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